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Classifications mentioned above as well as to right provide 19th century names that too in original form as they were listed on 18th April, 1855 by the brokers. Frequent absence of word chateau is followed as has circumflexed in crû whereas deuxièmecrûis used for whites and crûfor for red wines.

 

Classic Grape Variety of Bordeaux

Contrary to what you may expect, it’s Merlot and not Cabernet Sauvignon that’s vital grape variety in Bordeaux. Cabernet Sauvignon is just 27% of cultivated black grapes in Bordeaux and 58% is accounted by Merlot. It is somewhat true hence, to say Cabernet Sauvignon provides backbone for Merlot instead of suggesting that it softens Cabernet Sauvignon. Though Chateau Mouton-Rothschild includes not lesser than 90% Cabernet Sauvignon, it’s an exception because even on Medoc hallowed ground, it’s blasphemy mentioning name of Merlot, 40% of vines that are grown are that variety.

Among the most expensive wines worldwide, Chateau Petrus contains 95% Merlot without Cabernet Sauvignon. This is actually a classic grape, possibly the greatest red-wine grape worldwide but its vitality for Bordeaux is mostly overstated.

Semillon is among the most vital white grape variety that is cultivated in Bordeaux. It’s significant in terms of quality as well as its extent of cultivation. This particular variety of grape is susceptible for botrytis, “noble rot” which results in classic Barsac and Sauternes. Therefore, it is considered the greatest sweet-wine grape worldwide. Semillon accounts for maximum fine dry white variety of wines available in Bordeaux, but they relatively are few as well as lack prestige. Sauvignon Blanc plays a supporting role in sweet wines production and it is used to a lesser or greater degree for the dry variety of wines. Most of these less costly dry wines come in pure Sauvignon Blanc varieties.

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