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  • Haut-Marbuzet and Haut-Medoc Bordeaux Wines

    Haut-Marbuzet Bordeaux Wine

    Chateau Haut Marbuzet Boredeaux Wine

    In 1770 the vines of Marbuzet were part of the considerable inheritance that Sylvestre Fatin left to his two daughters, Pétronille and Rose. In 1825 the property was sold to the MacCartny family, who were descendants of Irish Jacobites. In 1848, a bitter succession dispute led the MacCarthy family to sell the land in separate parcels. The Poissonier family acquired a seven-hectare parcel and named it Haut- Marbuzet. A hundred years later, in 1952, Hervé Duboscq bought the property under the viager system, paying a monthly sum until the death of its owner. Though without training in agriculture and oenology, he had a natural talent for viticulture.

  • Interprofessional Council and Closiot Bordeaux Wine

    CIVB Conseil Interprofessionnel du Vin de Bordeaux

    (lnterprofessional Council of Bordeaux Wine)

    Conseil Interprofessionnel du Vin de Bordeaux The idea of a joint-trade organization for Bordeaux was first proposed by F. Ginester, an owner and merchant, after World War I. It initially rook shape as an association: the Union de laPropriete et du Commerce (Union of Property and Trade). Only after World War II, on the initiative of Girondin members of parliament (including the Vice-president of the National Assembly, E. Liquard), did the stare create, by a law dated August 18, 1948, the Conseil Interprofessionnel du Vin de Bordeaux.

  • Lalande De Pomerol and Latour Bordeaux Wines

    Lalande-de-Pomerol Bordeaux Wine

    Lalande de Pomerol Bordeaux WineThe Lalande-de-Pomerol AOC is reserved only for wines produced in the communes of Lalande-de-Pomerol and Neac. This region from Bordeaux is located on one of the pilgrim paths that led to Saint James of Compostela. The Knights of Saint John of Jerusalem and the Knights of the Order of Malta built refuges, hospices, and residences here. Dating from the twelfth century, the church of Lalande-de-Pomerol, the only one of its kind in Libourne, is the only remaining monument of the Hospitallers.

    This Bordeaux region, in which vines have been cultivated since the tenth or eleventh century, extends west from Saint-Émilion. The landscape grows less rugged towards the valley of the Isle river.

  • Listrac-Médoc, Loupiac and Lussac-Saint-Émilion Bordeaux Wines

    Listrac-Médoc Bordeaux Wine

    Loupiac Bordeaux WineMonsieur d’Armailhac, in his 1855 book on viticulture in the Médoc, said the Listrac plateau could be compared to the region’s most favorably placed properties. With magnificent outcrops on either side—Forréad to the south and Fourcas to the north—the five-kilometer-long Listrac plateau is one of the highest in the Médoc. Monsieur Boissenot, a wine specialist, describes Listrac wine as follows: “Listrac wine presents in the mouth an extraordinary body, enveloping the palate. Its presence is built. This is the wine of oenophiles, this is the wine that you chew, so tight is its texture. Solidly constituted, tannic and structured, it is the perfect meeting of the fruit provided by Caber-net and the strength supplied by Merlot. As a result it is ample and silky, a mixture of spirit and virility.

  • Maison Blanche and Margaux Wines from Bordeaux

    Maison Blanche (Ch.) Bordeaux Wine Region

    Maison Blanche  Bordeaux WineChâteau Maison Blanche is a magnificent property of forty undivided hectares. Since the addition of the Lamarsalle vineyard—which also belonged to Lord Corbin’s domain—at the beginning of the twentieth century, this has become one of the biggest and most beautiful estates of the Saint-Émilion region. It is located a few acres from the meeting point of the appellations Lalande-de-Pomerol, Pomerol, Saint-Émilion, and Montagne-Saint-Émilion, and covers part of the lands of the ancient Gallo-Roman villa Lucianus.

    The division of Roze Gruignet de Lobory’s estate on May 2, 1765 showed that a vineyard existed at that time on the land of today’s Château Maison Blanche. Considered one of the best crus of the Montagne-Saint-Émilion since the early 1900s, this Bordeaux wine is known throughout the world thanks to its distribution on all five continents.

  • Margaux and Médoc Bordeaux Wines

    Margaux (CH) Bordeaux Wine REGION

    Margaux Wine Bordeaux LabelWith its Ionic peristyle, monumental staircase and classic facade, Chateau Margaux is as imposing as the celebrated cru of the same name. Nobility of balance and size, and a sumptuous style aptly define both this architectural jewel and the wine produced by the vine-yards that surround it. This distinguished residence housed Edward III, King of England; at the time it was one of the most imposing fortified chateaux in Guyenne. In the twelfth century, when it was known as La Mothe, it was owned by the powerful Albret family. Later it belonged to the Montferrand family, then to the Lords of Durfort.

    In the mid-eighteenth century Chateau Margaux became the property of Monsieur de Fumel, a Bordeaux military commander who played a large part in building this magnificent estate's reputation. When the Marquis de la Colonilla acquired the property in 1802 he had the gothic manor house torn down and ordered the construction of the present chateau.

  • Merchant power and Chateau system

    Merchant power and Chateau system for Bordeaux Wine

    Wine Bordeaux VineyardsBefore the chateau wine estate concept, land had been worked on crop-sharing basis. Slowly this feudal system changed from late seventeenth century onwards. Bordelaise brokers evolved habit of classifying and recording wines as per their growth or cru and prices that they fetched, with this, reputation of properties became established individually.

    In 19th century, there was a rise of négociant or the merchants in Bordeaux. Several negociants came from English origin and few firms had been established by Irish, German, Dutch, or Scottish businessmen.

  • Mondesir Gazin, Montagne-Saint-Emilion and Montrese Bordeaux Wines

    Mondésir Gazin (Ch.) Bordeaux Wine

    Chateau Mondesir Gazin Bordeaux WineMonsieur Pasquet bought this vineyard in 1990 and was able to draw on his previous experience working in Saint-Estèphe on the vineyards of Château Marbuzet—a useful apprenticeship.

    When M. Pasquet acquired the vineyard, which produces a Premières Côtes de Blaye AOC cru, it was already in excellent condi¬tion, with the vines averaging twenty-five years in age. His first projects were to restore the stones of the longère —a long building typical or the region— to their original blond beauty, and to bring the cellar up to his standards. For the winemaking, a sorting facility was, added, so that only perfectly sound grapes would go into the vats.

  • Nodoz and Pauillac Bordeaux Wines

    Nodoz (Ch.) Bordeaux Wine Region

    Chateau Nodoz Bordeaux WineThis property goes back a long way: Count de Nodoz sold it in 1791 to the family of J.J. Bordes, a well-known merchant-shipowner in Bordeaux. This family improved the vineyard and established its reputation. During the winegrowing crisis of 1930, the Magdeleine family bought the property from the wine merchants Posso and Rosenfeld. Beautifully located on a gravelly hillside, the vineyard covers forty hectares in the communes of Tauriac and Lansac. It benefits from maximum sunshine thanks to its east-south-east and south-west exposure.

    After a traditional vinification, Chateau Nodoz wines are matured in Bordeaux oak casks for twelve to eighteen months, depending on the vintage. The Cotes de Bourg AOC wine has been rewarded with several medals in wine competitions and high praise in specialist magazines., A robust and generous wine, it can be enjoyed young but also offers surprises to those who are willing to wait.

     

  • Pessac-Leognan and Pétrus Bordeaux Wines

    Pessac-Leognan (A.O.C.) Bordeaux Wine

    Pessac Leognan Bordeaux WineThis is Bordeaux’s newest AOC. Because the vineyards are located within Graves, wines produced here can also be labelled with any of the region’s AOCs. Seeing their region threatened by urbanization, Pessac Leognan’s pro­ducers worked with great perseverance to obtain a specific AOC. A number of factors made this a logical step. In this part of Graves, with remarkable consistency, the soil is particularly gravelly and typical of the region. The wines stand out by their quality—confirmed by fifteen editions of the Feret guide and their soaring prices. Historically, as one of the first Bordeaux vineyards, Pessac-Leognan also deserved recognition.

  • Pomerol and Poujeaux Bordeaux Wines

    Pomerol (A.O.C.) Bordeaux Wine

    Chateau la Grave a Pomerol Boredeaux WineIn the twelfth century, the powerful Hospitallers of Saint John of Jerusalem established their first Libournais Commanderie in the Pomerol commune. Here they built a manor, a hospital for pilgrims on their way to Saint James of Compostela, and a church.

    Though the vineyard was virtually abandoned and devastated during the Hundred Years’ War and the English occupation, it was re-established during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. The vineyard again suffered during the Wars of Religion. From 1900, though, Pomerol’s wine-growers created a union to defend their appellation. One of their main objectives was to prevent winegrowers in neighboring communes from abusing the Pomerol name by stamping it on their casks.

     Pomerol, wine, Poujeaux, Saint, Chateau, Bordeaux

  • Premieres Cotes de Bordeaux

    Premieres Cotes de Bordeaux French Wine

    premieres Cotes de BordeauxThe wine-growing area on the right bank of the Garonne is about 60 km (37 miles) long and runs from the suburbs of Bordeaux to the border with the Cotes de Bordeaux St-Macaire. The landscape is hilly and there are magnificent views across the river and the vineyards of Graves. The underlying beds are varied but chiefly chalk and gravel on the hills and alluvial deposits closer to the Garonne.

    Production is mainly of red French wines but some smooth to liquorous white wines are made in the southeastern tip close to Cadillac,

  • Premieres Cotes De Bordeaux and Priaaeur Wines

    Premieres Cotes de Bordeaux (A.O.C.)

    Premieres Cotes de BordeauxThe Premières Côtes de Bordeaux region stretches from Bassens to Saint-Maixant along the entire length of the Garonne, following the river's twists and turns. This hilly region makes for pleasant walking, offering many viewpoints. Visitors will also come across a number of small chateaux, monuments, and historic sites, such as the fortified towns of Rions and Cadillac. Many famous people were born, lived or spent holidays in this area, including Rosa Bonheur, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Anatole France, François Mauriac, and Gustave Eiffel.

  • Puisseguin Saint-Emilion, Puygueraud and Rame Bordeaux Wines

    Puisseguin-Saint-Émilion (A.O.C.) Bordeaux Wine

    Puisseguin Saint Emilion Bordeaux WinePerched on a natural hill, the Puisseguin commune owes its name to the word puy, meaning mount, and Séguin, one of Charlemagne’s lieutenants who had a chateau built on this strategic site. It was during the eighteenth century that Puisseguin’s economy began to rely largely on wine-growing and winemaking. Pierre Combret, a pioneer in wine-growing agronomy, intro-duced the use of grape varieties known as “noble” and made the most of this terroirs qualities. Many others followed suit. The commune’s future was thus assured and Puisseguin earned its place in Bordeaux wine-growing history.

    Situated at an altitude of 89 meters, Puisseguin’s vineyards enjoy a mainly south- south-east exposure and a dry, bright, almost Mediterranean microclimate—proved by the presence of many holm oaks. Its hilly terrain of clay-limestone soil on a rocky subsoil provides good drainage and allows the vines to develop deep roots which draw out elements essential to the plants’ development. Nearly eighty properties make up this appellation*, including Chateaux Teillac, Guibeau-la-Fourvieille, Roc de Bernon, and Grand-Rigaud.

  • Sainte-Foy-Bordeaux, Serving Wine and Seuil

    SAINTE-FOY-BORDEAUX (A.O.C.)

    Chateau Hostens Picant Sainte Foy Bordeaux WineThe ancient walled town of Sainte-Foy-La-Grande was founded in 1255 by Alphonse de Poitiers, a brother of Saint Louis, to protea its inhabitants from frequent invasions by the English. Though Sainte-Foy-La-Grande has never produced a drop of wine, it has given its name to this appellation. The town has played a role in the wine trade thanks to its location next to the Dordogne river, which has allowed the transport of many types of goods including wine from the hinterland.

    As this appellation requires specific grape varieties and stricter production conditions than those of the Bordeaux AOC, most of the region’s growers prefer to use the Bordeaux appellation.

  • Ste-Foy-Bordeaux French Wines

    Ste-Foy-Bordeaux Wine

    This French wine area is situated to the south of Bergerac. The small town of Ste-Foy appears to consist oftwo parts. Port-Ste-Foy is on the right bank of the Dordogne, hence in the Bergeracois, while Ste-Foyla-Grande is in the Bordelais on the left bank. The soil of Ste-Foy varies from clay bearing alluvial deposits for the reds to chalk bearing strata on which the whites are grown. The underlying strata are gravel, sand, and calciferous clay. This explains the difference in types and taste of the Ste-Foy wines. A remarkable and positive fact regarding this French wine-growing district is their quality charter that is signed by the communal winegrowers.

    Red Wine BordeauxThe red French wine is the most widely produced, using Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Cabernet Franc. Most of these are fairly dark, very fruity, with a bouquet of red fruit and vanilla, which merge into more complex aromas such as leather, fungus, coffee, and spices, when mature. Drinking temperature for Ste-Foy-Bordeaux French wine: 16°C (60 .8°F).

  • Tannin wine, tasting, terroir, tourism in Bordeaux

    Tannin wine

    Tasting wine This is a group of organic sub-stances found in the seeds, skin, and stems of grapes. It contributes to the aging potential of red wines, which have more tannin than white wines.

     

    Tasting wine

    Tasting is an art, a science, and a pleasure. It is also an inexhaustible subject of conversation, even disagreement. Whole books have been devoted to it, both theoretical and technical, but also peppered with amusing anecdotes.

  • Wine trade and Yquem Bordeaux Wines

    WINE TRADE

    Trade Wine BordeauxThe term négoce is used to describe the commercial companies in the Gironde that market Bordeaux wine, in France and abroad, to an extremely diverse and ever-growing clientele. Historically, the wine trade of the Gironde has always played an important role in spreading the reputation of Bordeaux wines around the world. Its heyday goes back to the end of the eighteenth and beginning of the nineteenth century, when a large number of wine merchants, most of them Anglo-Saxon or Scandinavian, settled in the Chartrons district of Bordeaux, on the left bank of the Garonne.