Greek wines fall into two market segments: the branded wines and those with the name of their place of origin. Large numbers of just about drinkable wines fall within the branded sector but also some very top quality wines. Greek wine-growers have an ideal climate for cultivating vines and making wine, especially close to the sea. Many different microclimates, combined with varying local soil conditions such as chalk and rock, and the different varieties of grapes used ensure different characters for the various wines. At present some 300 different types of grape are grown in Greece. Many of these are of French origin such as Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, and Merlot, but the majority are native and sometimes ancient varieties. The best known of them are Assyrtiko (Santorini, Sithonia, Athos) ,
Vilana (Heraklion, Crete), Robola (Cephalonia), Savatiano (Attiki, Beotia, Euboea) , Giorgitiko (Nemea), Xinomavro (Naoussa, Amynteon, Goumenissa, Rapsani) , Mavrodaphne (Achaia, Cephalonia),Mandelaria (Paros, Rhodes, Heraklion Crete), Moschofilero (Mantinia), Muscat (Patras, Samos), and Rhoditis (Achaia, Anchialos, Macedonia, Thrace).
The Greek regions, from north to south, are Thrace, Macedonia, Ipeiros, Thessalia, Central Greece, The Ionian islands (Eptanesos), Eastern Aegean islands, The Peloponnese, Cyclades islands, Dodecanese islands and Crete.
Greek wines fall into two market segments: the branded wines and those with the name of their place of origin. The Greek landscape does not generally feature large mountains with a few exceptions but the country is naturally divided into smaller areas by small mountains and hills.