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  • Rosso Conero and Piceno DOC

    ROSSO CONERO DOC ITALIAN WINE

    Rosso Conero DOC WineIn terms of the quality for its price, this is probably the best value red wine from Italy. This is not a great wine but it is extremely delicious and quite inexpensive. It is produced just inland from the coast between Ancona and Macerata. Montepulciano grapes which may be supplemented with Sangiovese ensure a clear ruby red wine with pleasant fruity bouquet of blackberry and blackcurrant with a full, rounded, and fleshy taste that is dry. Drink this Italian wine at 14-16°C (57.2-60.8°F) or 16-17°C (60.8-62.6°F) for a Riserva.

  • Sancerre French wine

    Chavignol French wineSancerre

    Sancerre is one of the best-known Loire winegrowing areas and also one of the best-known wines of France. Since its early beginnings as an AC wine in 1936 Sancerre white has made the area part of the French wine-growing elite.

    Sancerre rose and red only gained their recognition in 1959. The French vineyards for white, rose, and red Sancerre (approx. 2,400 hectares) are located within 11 communes, of which Sancerre, Chavignol, and Bue are the best known. The area is noted for its attractive landscape of gently undulating hills with chalk or gravel-bearing soils. The grapes used here are Sauvignon Blanc for

  • Soil and climate Rioja Wine

    Rioja soil and climate

    The underlying ground of La Rioja consists largely of a mixture of calciferous and ferruginous clay. There are also alluvial deposits along the banks of the Ebro, while in Rioja Baja there is also sand. The best vineyards are situated at a height of 984- 1,968 feet (300- 600 metres), particularly in the northwestern part of Rioja Alavesa (País Vasco) and Rioja Alta (La Rioja and a small enclave of the province of Burgos). With its heavier soil and lower altitude (a maximum of 2000 feet), which does not provide as much cooling for the grapes, the wine from Rioja Baja is less refined than from the other two Rioja areas. Consequently this Spanish wines from this latter area are ready to drink earlier, therefore more quickly consumed, helped by a relatively cheaper price.

  • Spain and Portugal

        In recent years there has been major investment in Spanish vineyards and wineries, and the country’s best wines are now world class. Its reputation has been carved by red wines, perticularly those from Rioja.

     Several growers have identified and recognised the importance of old vines, and today these are partly responsible for the super-concentrated and very expresive premium reds.

     Spain has more land under vine than any other country. The most important Spanish variety is Tempranillo, closely followed by Garnacha. For white wines, Viura and the ‘workhorse’ Airén are grown widely, whith the fashionable Albariño taking centre stage in Rias Baixas. Not surprisingly, Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Merlot are planted in the majority of Spanish wine regions, except Rioja. The best Spanish wines are quality graded at Denominacionde Origen, the equivalent of the French ACm and DOCa, a higher-quality grade introduced in 1991, initialy for the wines of Rioja. Although DOCa applies onli to Rioja, regions such as Ribera del Duero, Navarra, Penedes and Priorato are also producing some excellent wines.

    Rioja

     In Rioja the wines are made in three districts sub-regions: Rioja Alavesa, Rioja Alta in the highlands and the hot and dry Rijoa Baja. Rioja styles include Joven, Crianza, Reseva and Gran Reserva which is produced in the very best years. Ribera fel Duero, situated at high altitude, is purely a red wine area. It is home to some of Spain’s most sought-after and expresive wines made from the Tempranillo grape, locally known as Tinta Fino.

     Navarra, a neighbouring region to Rioja, is home to experimentation with Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot often blended with indigenous grapes such as Garnacha and Tempranillo. Spanish and international grapes are planted in the Mediterranean climate of Penedes, Many of the best Cava vineyards are found in this region.

     Mostly red wines from Garnacha and Cariñena are grown in the mountainous setting of Priorato. These high-quality, structured wines can be truly exciting.

     
     

    Portugal

     Portugal is a country concentrating on its amazing range of indigenous grape varieties, especially Toutiga Nacional, Tinta Roriz, Trincadeira and Periquta, The regions of the Douro, Ribatejo, Alentjo, and Bairrada set the pace. For the wine consumer willing to try something different, Portugal can hold many a pleasant discovery.

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  • Ste-Foy-Bordeaux French Wines

    Ste-Foy-Bordeaux Wine

    This French wine area is situated to the south of Bergerac. The small town of Ste-Foy appears to consist oftwo parts. Port-Ste-Foy is on the right bank of the Dordogne, hence in the Bergeracois, while Ste-Foyla-Grande is in the Bordelais on the left bank. The soil of Ste-Foy varies from clay bearing alluvial deposits for the reds to chalk bearing strata on which the whites are grown. The underlying strata are gravel, sand, and calciferous clay. This explains the difference in types and taste of the Ste-Foy wines. A remarkable and positive fact regarding this French wine-growing district is their quality charter that is signed by the communal winegrowers.

    Red Wine BordeauxThe red French wine is the most widely produced, using Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Cabernet Franc. Most of these are fairly dark, very fruity, with a bouquet of red fruit and vanilla, which merge into more complex aromas such as leather, fungus, coffee, and spices, when mature. Drinking temperature for Ste-Foy-Bordeaux French wine: 16°C (60 .8°F).

  • Suisse Romande Region

    SUISSE Romande REGION AND Switzerland Wine

    Vineyards Suisse Romande RegionThe Francophone wine regions are situated in the south-east of the country, and this is where most of the country’s wines are grown and made. Although Berne, Fribourg, Neuchatel, and Vaud play a role that certainly is not to be underestimated, it is principally Valais that is responsible for the best quality and greatest volume. Suisse Romande is virtually synonymous with white Swiss wine from the Chasselas grape which fails to achieve such quality and diversity of taste and styles anywhere else in the world.

  • Tacoronte-Acentejo Spanish Wine

     

    Tacoronte-Acentejo wine region

    Tacoronte Acentejo Spanish Label WineThis was the first official DO of the Canary Islands. The territory is situated on the north-western slopes of the extinct volcano of Mount Teide or Pico de Teide (12,198 feet /3,718 metres), where the vineyards are sited on terraces at heights of 656-2,624 feet (200-800 metres).

    The climate is sub-tropical but with strong maritime influences. The vineyards in this area received much more water relative to other parts of the Canaries. The soil consists of underlying volcanic layers covered with a red loam interspersed with some chalk.

  • The Alto Adige 'crus'

    In addition to the previously mentioned generic wines, Alto Adige also produces wines from strictly defined areas or 'crus'. The quality of these wines is often higher than the ordinary Alto Adige. All the wines named have their own DOC denomination.

    COLLI DI BOLZANO (BOZNER LEITEN)

    This wine area near Bolzano makes red wine at least 90% Schiava grapes, supplemented as needed with Pinot Nero or Lagrein. The colour is ruby red, with intensity and shade depending on vinification and proportion of grapes. Both nose and taste are mellow and fruity. A delicious but unpretentious wine. Drink at 53.6- 57.2°F (12- 14°C).

     *** the best italian WINE ***

    MERANESE DI COLLINA/MERANESE (MERANER HOGELIMERANER)

    This wine is made in the hills that jut out above the small town of Merano. The red is chiefly made with Schiava grapes is ruby colour, mellow and fruity scented and juicy and pleasant in taste. This is an unpretentious wine that is suitable for all occasions. Drinking temperature is 53.6- 57.2°F (12- 14°C).

     

    SANTA MADDALENA (SANKT MAGDALENER)

    The vineyards of this wonderful wine can be found in the hills around Bolzano. The vines are the Schiava grape, although these may be supplemented with no more than 10% Pinot Nero and/or Lagrein, which contribute their own character. The colour is ruby to intense granite red, the nose subtle and seductive with a hint of wild violets and the taste is mellow and smooth, rounded, juicy, with light bitter almond aftertaste. This gorgeous wine keeps well. Drinking temperature is 57.2- 60.8°F (14- 16°C).

     *** the best italian WINE ***

    TERLANO (TERLANER)

    The Terlano vineyards run parallel to the Adige river in the province of Bolzano. This white wine is made with Pinot Bianco (WeiEburgunder), Chardonnay, Riesling Halico (Welsch Riesling), Riesling Renano (Rheinriesling), Sylvaner (Silvaner), Riesling x Sylvaner (Mliller-Thurgau), or Sauvignon Blanc.

    These grapes can be used to make single grape wines comprising no less than 90% of them, or ordinary bianco with different proportions, which must be indicated. All of these wines are green-yellow when young, becoming more yellow with age. They have fresh acidity and are very aromatic in both nose and taste. Drink at (46.4-50°F (8- 10°C) except the Chardonnay varietals which are better at 50- 53.6°F (10- 12°C).

    There are also dry (extra brut) or less dry (brut) Spumante versions that are fresh, fruity, aromatic, and elegant. These make an excellent aperitif. Drink at (42.8-46.4°F (6- 8°C). Those wines that originate from the heart of the Terlano area are permitted to add Classico to their name.

     

    VALLE ISARCO (SODTIROL-EISACKTALER)

    The vineyards of this denominated wine are sited relatively high, some of them above 2,000 feet (600 metres), which demands additional input from the growers. The area is situated close to Bolzano in the Isarco valley. Mainly white wines are produced here using grapes such as Pinot Grigio (Rulander), Sylvaner (Silvaner), Veltliner, Riesling x Sylvaner (Miiller-Thurgau), Kerner, and Traminer Aromatico (Gewürztraminer), and a small amount of red wine from Schiava, Lausner, and Leitacher grapes. The white wine has a green tinge and is fresh, subtle, fruity, and juicy.

    Pinot Grigio and Traminer Aromatico generally make wines with a bigger taste than the other wines.

    Drinking temperature is 46.4-50°F (8-10°C) for Sylvaner, Veltliner, and Kerner and 50-53.6°F (10-12°C) for the others. The Klausner Leitacher is ruby red in colour, has a mild nose with freshly acidic and fulsome flavour. Drink it with red meat at 53.6-57.2°F (12-14°C).

     *** the best italian WINE ***

    VALLE VENOSTA (VINSCHGAU)

    This is a very traditional wine area that mainly produces whites using Chardonnay, Kerner, Riesling x Sylvaner (Miiller-Thurgau), Pinot Bianco (WeiEburgunder), Pinot Grigio (Rulander), Riesling, and Traminer Aromatico (Gewürztraminer). A small amount of red is made from Schiava (Vernatsch) and Pinot Nero (Blauburgunder). The whites have a green tinge, fresh nose and taste, and are fruity and aromatic. Drink at 46.4-50°F (8-10°C) for Pinot Bianco and Kerner, 50-53.6°F (10-12°C) for Chardonnay, Pinot Grigio, Traminer Aromatico, and Miiller-Thurgau. The Schiava reds are ruby coloured, taste and smell delicious and fruity, and are suitable for serving throughout a meal. Drinking temperature is 53.6- 57.2°F (12- 14°C).

    Pinot Nero reds are also ruby hued with a trace of orange and their characteristic nose has both vegetal and animal notes. The taste is filled with flavour but is mellow and well-balanced. There is a discernible bitterness in the aftertaste. Drink at 53.6-57.2°F (12-14°C).

     

    CALDARO/LAGO DI CALDARO (KAL TERER/KAL TERERSEE)

    This is another well-known quality wine from the Alto Adige. As indicated in the name, the vineyards are close to Lake Caldaro. Superb reds are produced here using various types of Schiava grape, sometimes supplemented with Pinot Nero or Lagrein.

    *** the best italian WINE ***

     
     The colour varies between bright ruby and dark red while bouquet and taste are mellow, fruity, and elegant. A hint of bitter almond can be detected in the aftertaste.There are also Classico, and Classico Superiore from the heart of the area. The superior wine has 1 % more alcohol than the ordinary Caldaro and Caldaro Classico. Drink at 53.6- 57.2°F (12-14°C).

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  • The Beaujolais 'satellites' Wine - French Wine

    The Beaujolais 'satellites'

    Although they do not officially fall under the Beaujolais classification, the following three wine regions produce wines that closely resemble Beaujolais in both character and taste. All three of the red wines are made With the Gamay grape.

    burgundy WINE *** french WINE

    CÔTEAUX DU LYONNAIS

    This ancient vineyard is a victim of the expansion of Lyon. It is a friendly, light, but generous wine with pronounced f ruity nose. Drink this French wine chilled to about 53.6°F (12°C). Chardonnay   and Aligote whites are also produced here.

    CÔTE ROANNAISE

    This is a very clear, ruby red coloured wine that is strong on fruit and has a light, pleasing taste. Chill this French wine to about 53.6°F (12°C).

    burgundy WINE *** french WINE

     

    CÔTES DU FOREZ

    These are light, friendly wines that are very fruity. The rose is ideal to serve with informal lunches and picnics. The red wine is ideal for warm summer evenings, for instance with a cold buffet. Serve borth French wines at about 53.6°F (12°C).{jcomments on}

  • The Côtes du Rhône Crus - French Wine

       Each of these thirteen great wines has a character of its own. Often the French wine is legendary one that offers the drinker the chance to become acquainted with the region, the soil, the variety of grape, and to meet the wine-maker in person.

    The climate is a mild continental one on the steep, rough slopes around Tain-L'Hermitage with granite beneath the soil. In the southern part of the Rhone the soil is chalky, overlain with sediments in places and the climate is warmer and drier in proximity with the Mediterranean.

     

    CÔTE ROTIE

    Côte Rotie is solely red French wine and comes from two very steep granite hills, the Côte Blonde and the Côte Brune. According to legend the domain of the estate owner Maugiron was divided in the MiddleAges between his two daughters: one was blonde, the other brunette. This is said to be how the hills got their names. Côte Rotie is dark red and has a bouquet in which raspberry, herbs, and a suggestion of violets can be discerned. When older, the upper notes are of vanilla, and apricot or peach stones.

    These French wine is fairly full-bodied with plenty of tannin but well-rounded with a tremendous experience of taste and prolonged aftertaste. Open the bottle in advance of drinking.

     

    CONDRIEU

    This white French wine originates from steep granite slopes which cannot be cultivated other than by hand. The grape used is Viognier and the wine is a pale golden colour and possesses a powerful nose of wild flowers, irises, violets, and apricot. These French wine has considerable strength and is well-rounded. Since 1990 the rare Condrieu Vendanges Tardives Cuvee les Eguets has reappeared, made with sympathy by Yves Cuilleron.

     

    CHÁTEAU-GRILLET

    This minuscule vineyard of only 3.3 hectares and 10,000 bottles per year is one of the smallest appellations and also one of the best white wines of France. The wine will have to be tried locally. The colour is a clear yellow and tends towards straw colouring when older. The bouquet is somewhat closed and only develops after a time. Once again apricot and white peach are discovered in the upper notes. The taste is a full one, fatty, very rich and complex.

    Remember to open the bottle a few hours before drinking.

     

    ST-JOSEPH

    This fine, harmonious and elegant dark red wine, with a subtle perfume of black currant and raspberry, later develops suggestions of leather and liquorice. Drink slightly chilled at approx. 59°F (15°C) . The white wine is a sunny yellow with a green tinge and its nose suggests wild flowers, acacia blossom, and honey. This is a fresh wine with great depths. Drink chilled at approx. 53.6°F (12°C).

     

    CROZES-HERMITAGE

    In terms of volume, this is the largest of the northern Crus. Although not of the same quality as its cousin, Crozes-Hermitage does come close to Hermitage in terms of its characteristic bouquet and taste. The white wine is a clear yellow with very floral nose and full, fatty taste. Drink chilled at approx. 53.6°F (12°C).

     The red French wine is dark red and very intense. The bouquet recalls red fruit, leather, and herbs. The taste is elegant despite the discreet presence of tannin. Drink slightly chilled at approx. 59 °F (15°C).

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  • The four regional appellations of origin of the Jura for French Wine

    CHATEAU-CHALON FRENCH WINE

    Jura wine regionThe village of Chateau-Chalon dominates this wine region both literally and figuratively. It is 450 metres (1,476 feet) above sea-level, in the centre of the Jura, and gave birth to the king of all Jura wines, the vin jaune (yellowFrench wine), which is exclusively made from Savagnin grapes.

     Vins jaunes may be made throughout the Jura but the best originates from Chateau-Chalon. This French wine is of the utmost highest quality and is not made every year. The preparation for making it in the village is the same as elsewhere for vins jaunes but the level of quality control is far higher.

    Vins jaunes, including those of Chateau-Chalon are put in dumpy 62 cl clavelin bottles, since this is all that remains of a litre of-young wine after maturing for six years and three months in a cask. The clavelins of Chateau-Chalon are the only ones to bear a decorative red seal around their necks for the best French Wine.

     

    L'ETOILE FOR FRENCH WINE

    No-one knows precisely why this village got its name (etoile means star in French). It is probably due to the five encircling hills that together form the shape of a star, or the five beautiful castles in the neighbourhood. Perhaps though the name is derived from shells and star fish remains found in the chalky soil of the vineyards. Very high quality and highly regarded white and sparkling wines are made from about 80 hectares in this village for the good French Wine.

     

    ARBOIS FRENCH WINE

    The vineyards surrounding the pleasant small town of Arbois supply the greatest volume of wines from the Jura. That these 800 hectares can produce exceptional quality wines with their own character is shown by the fact that wine from Arbois was the first in France to be permitted to bear an Appellation d'Origin e Contralee.

    The production is chiefly of white and red wine but some Pupillin rose is also made and this is good French Wine.

     

    CÔTES DU JURA AND FRENCH WINE

    French Jura WineA colourful collection of white, red, rose, and sparkling wines are covered by this appellation. It is astounding that so many different quality wines are made from such a small area.

    The wholly Chardonnay white French wine is pale yellow and smells of fresh grapes. After two to three years maturing in casks it develops its characteristic flinty smell. Wines made with Chardonnay and Savagnin have an even more clearly pronounced terroir scent and flavour. Those of just Savagnin are above all very delicate and aromatic for a French Wine.

    The Poulsard rose is elegant and subtle. Roses from this area often have a coral-like colour and are exceptionally juicy and full bodied. The red wine is quite peculiar. Made from Poulsard, it resembles a rose but is actually a true red wine. The scent and flavour are reminiscent of mould and wild fruits of the forest.

    By contrast, that made from Trousseau is warm, full of tannin, rounded, and full-bodied with the nose of red fruit. It is strongly alcoholic and be kept until quite old.

     

    SPARKLING WINE FROM THE JURA

    The Mousseux and Cremant originate mainly from !'Etoile and Vemois. These are available in brut, sec, or demi-sec and in white or rose French Wine. They are made by the traditional method with a second fermentation in the bottle.

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  • The nine AC French wines

    CÔTEAUX DU CAP CORSE

    This is a minuscule wine-growing appellation area with a mere 30 hectares, situated on mountainous slopes to the north of Bastia. Red, rose, but chiefly white French wines are made here. The white, based on the Vermentinu grape, is excellent and very refined.

     

    MUSCAT DU CAP CORSE

    This French wine is produced in the same mountainous areas as the Côteaux du Cap Corse and also in the Patrimonio area. This appellation was officially recognised in 1993, although the local Muscat wines have enjoyed international fame for centuries. It is fine and very aromatic French wine.

    The best Muscat is made from grapes that are picked very late, ripened and dried under the sun in small boxes. This makes a full-flavoured, very aromatic wine, that is fatty and strong. It can be readily laid

    down and should be drunk chilled to approx. 8°C (46.4°F).

     

    PATRIMONIO

    This is one of the best known and often also best French wines of Corsica. Red and rose wines are produced from the Niellucciu group and the Vermentinu grape here produces a superb white.

     

    PATRIMONIO BLANC

    This is a pale yellow wine that is tinged with green, It has floral notes (may blossom and white flowers), a fresh and fruity taste and it is full-bodied and rounded, sometimes causing a light tingling of the tongue. Drink this elegant French wine at approx. 10°C (50°F).

     

    PATRIMONIO ROSE

    This French wine has a pale, clear pink colour and aromas of red fruit (cherry, redcurrant), and sometimes also of exotic fruit. Drink this fresh and fruity rose at approx. 10°C (50°F).

     

    PATRIMONIO ROUGE

    Two different types of Patrimonio red are made: a lighter one and the traditional more robust French wine. The lighter Patrimonio is generally ruby red, very fruity (blackcurrant, blackberry), velvet soft in spite of the presence of tannin, and very well balanced.

    When it is older the fruity nose develops earthly notes such as humus. Drink this French wine at approx. 16°C (60 .8°F) with red meat, game, casseroles, and hard cheeses. The more robust, traditional Patrimonio is darker in colour and has more tannin than the lighter version. When older its fruity bouquet develops into a complex nose of overripe preserved fruit, leather, and liquorice. Drink this 'strong man' of a French wine between 16- l8°C (60 .8- 64.4°F) . Both French wines are best decanted several hours before a meal.

     

    VIN DE CORSE CALVI

    Here very fruity red wines, fascinating, refined, and aromatic roses, and almost colourless, comforting, and approachable white wines are produced on very changeable soils of coarse stones, boulders, and gravel using Niellucciu, Grenache, Cinsault, Sciaccarellu, and Vermentinu grapes.

     

    Ajaccio

    This French wine area lies on rough, rocky hills. Ajaccio is proud of its permanent resident - the Sciaccarellu grape - with which the greatest French wines from this area develop a nose that evokes roasted almond and red fruit such as raspberry.

    This traditional French wine is good for laying down. The white Malvoisie (Vermentinu) is also worth laying down.

     

    Vin de Corse Sarténais

    The Sciaccarellu, Grenache and Cinsault vines cultivated on these steep hills produce a full-bodied red wine and fresh rose. These French wines are mainly consumed by the local populace and are rarely seen outside the island.

    • VIN DE CORSE FIGARI

    The most southerly wine-growing area of France, just north of the town of Bonifacio. Sturdy red, rose, and white wines are produced.

    • VIN DE CORSE PORTO VECCHIO

    An elegant, full-bodied, and rounded red wine and fresh, refined, and very aromatic rose are made in the south-east of the island using the Niellucciu and Sciaccarellu grapes, together with Grenache. A very dry white wine that is intensely fruity is made here with Vermentinu grapes.

    • VIN DE CORSE

    In Corsican terms the vineyards around Aleria and close to Bastia are immense at 1,550 hectares. This is a relatively new appellation but the early results are promising. After centuries of neglect the vineyards have been re-established in places where the Greeks and Romans made their best wines, at the foot of 1,200 metres (3 ,937 feet) high rocky walls. All the types of French wine are produced here, including Vin de Pays.

    There are both very traditional winemakers and ultra-modern co-operatives which are gaining an increasing reputation in France and abroad for their less traditional but well-made wines. Even the Vin de Pays here is of quality. The demand for this AC is increasing as is also the case for the Vins de Pays and vins de cepages. Fewer inferior French wines are now being produced on Corsica with the growers having decided to improve their image.{jcomments on}

  • The Rhone Valley - French Wine

       Wine(actually French Wine) has been made for more than 2,000 years between Vienne and Avignon in the valley of the Rhone river. The basis of arguably the best known wine-growing region of France - Cotes du Rhone was established by the Celts, Greeks, and Romans.

    This very extensive French wine region with its many different terroirs and micro climates eventually became established as a distinctive entity.

     

    A fresh breeze

    The French wine from the district around Uzes in the department of Gard enjoyed so much fame in the seventeenth century that it was readily imitated. To protect its origins and quality it was officially recognised in 1650 and its area of origin strictly defined. After a further battle lasting more than a century the Appellation Cotes du Rhone Controlee eventually became a fact in 1937. In 1956 the feared winter mistral blew at speeds of more than 62 miles/100 km per hour for three weeks and the thermometer remained stuck at about minus 59°F (15°C). Disastrously this killed all the olive trees but since the vines had survived these conditions the ruined farmers decided to switch to wine-growing.

    This was the start of the enormous growth of Cotes du Rhone.

     

    23 types of grape

    There are at least 23 different varieties of grape permitted to be used in the wine-growing region of Cotes du Rhone plus the Muscat Petit Grain that is used for the naturally sweet Beaumes-de-Venise. In the northern part ofthe Rhone Valley red wine is exclusively made with Syrah but white wines are produced from Viognier, Roussanne, and Marsanne.

    In the south they use some Grenache, Mourvedre, Cinsauit, and Carignan grapes in addition to Syrah for their reds with the Grenache Blanc, Clairette and Bourboulenc for the white French wines.

     

    The appellations

    Rhone wines are divided into four categories: the generic Appellation Cotes du Rhone Regionale, the better Cotes du Rhone Villages, the Crus, and the satellites that are geographically related but have their own identities (Clairette de Die, Cremant de Die, Vins du Diois, Coteaux du Tricastin, Cotes du Ventoux en Costieres de Nimes).

     

    CÔTES DU RHONE AC - FRENCH WINE

    About 80 per cent of the generic Côtes du Rhone produced are very good. Because this category represents such a wide diversity of terroirs, micro climates. and winemakers, the wine has an equally diverse range of aromatic properties.

    Generally these are comforting and friendly wines. The red is well structured, full of aroma and taste and very rounded. It can be drunk when still young but can also be left for a while.The rose wines come from the south of the region and they range from raspberry colour to salmon pink. These roses are always fruity and yielding. The white wine is dry, well-balanced, well structured, very aromatic, and thirst-quenching.

     

    CÔTES DU RHONE VILLAGES AC

    There are 77 communes in the southern Rhone Valley which are permitted to use Côtes du Rhone Villages on the label of their wines and of these sixteen may also use the village name on the label.

    The stipulations about the planting, care of the vines, yield, and wine-making for these white, rose, and red wines are more rigid. Certain of the best known Côtes du Rhone Villages are Beaumes-deVenise (red and rose), Cairanne (red, rose, and white), Chusclan (red and rose), Laudun (red, rose, and white), Rasteau (red, rose, and white), Rochegude (red, rose, and white),

     Seguret red, rose, and white), Valreas (red, rose, and white), Vinsobres (red, rose, and white) and Visan (red, rose, and white) . These wines are ideal for drinking with Proven~al dishes. Drink the red  French wine at approx. 60.8°F (16°C), the rose at approx. 57.2°F (14°C), and the white at about 53.6°F (12°C).

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  • The Ten Crus Wines - French Wine

    THE TEN CRUS

    Local experts say that an Easter must pass before these Wines are at their best. 'Les Crus du Beaujolais doivent faire leurs Paques.'

    The wine is rarely to be found in shops earlier than this in any case. The French wines of the ten Crus only fully develop after being allowed to rest for a few months.

    CÔTES DE BROUILLY

    Two of the ten Crus of Beaujolais are located on the slopes of the 1,200 feet high Mont Brouilly, on granite and slate soils. The 300 hectare of vineyards of Cotes de Brouilly are found on the sunny side of the extinct volcano. The wine is purple to mauve with a very refined and elegant bouquet of fresh grapes and irises. Leave a Cotes de Brouilly wine to rest for a time before opening. Drink it at approx. 55.4°F (13°C).

    burgundy WINE *** french WINE

    BROUILLY

    The vineyards are somewhat more extensive here, covering approx. 1,200 hectares. The soil is mainly granite and sand . The wine is ruby red in colour and has a fruity nose in which red fruits such as plum, and occasionally peach are clearly discernible. The better Brouilly wines also have a hint of mineral in them. This is a full, darker wine with a firm taste. Drink it at about 53.6°F (12°C).

     

    REGNIE

    The 520 hectares of this vineyard were only recognised as Cru du Beaujolais in 1988. The ground is gently undul­ ating and relatively high (average 1,148 feet /350 metres). A fairly supple wine is made here which is both elegant and seductive. The colour is pure cherry red and the nose reminds of red fruit The colour is a pure ruby red with wonderful reflections and the taste is both velvet smooth and fleshy.

    Good Fleurie from the best vintages can be kept for ten years or more. Drink Fleurie at about 55.4°F (13°C).

    burgundy WINE *** french WINE

    MOULIN-A-VENT

    This Cru derives its name from the recently and perfectly restored windmill in Romaneche-Thorins. The soil of the 650 hectares of vineyards comprises pink granite and manganese. This imparts a darker, more highly concentrated ruby red colo ur to the wine in which purple and dark red al'e also present when young.

    The nose is mainly reminiscent of flowers such as roses with a hint of raspberry. The taste is powerful and reasonably full of tannin. This firm texture enables Moulin-a-Vent to be kept for some time (up to 15 years). When mature this wine resembles Burgundy. Allow this French wine to rest for a couple of years before serving at about 57.2°F (14°C).

     

    CHENAS

    This French wine is almost unknown outside the area but this is not at all just. A very elegant wine is made with ref ined bouquet of peony and roses with occasional hint of wood and herbs on 260 hectares of granite soil. The taste is soft, generous, and friendly. Serve this wine at about 14°C (57.2°F). This wine too can be kept for quite a few years.

    burgundy WINE *** french WINE

    JULIENAS

    This is the most northerly Cru of Beaujolais, border­ ing on the Miiconnais. Deeply ruby red coloured wine is produced from 580 hectares of stony soil with layers of clay and sediments. The French wine has a powerful full taste and the bouquet is dominated by frwty (wild strawberry, redcurrant,   and   raspberry) scents with floral undertones (peony and roses).

    Good Julienas can be kept for a few years. Drink this French wine at about 55.4°F (13°C).

     

    ST-AMOUR

    This is the last of these northerly Crus. The vine-yards   extend   for   280 hectares and border the chalky Miiconnais (Char­ donnay) and granite hills of Beau jolais   (Gamay).

    burgundy WINE *** french WINE

     The soil is a mixture of clay, boulders,   granite, and sandstone. These French wine possesses   a wonderful ruby red colour and very aromatic nose of peony, raspberry, redcurrant, apricot, and also some­times a suggestion of kirsch. The taste is seductive, velvet soft, and full, with hints of herbs. Serve this wine at about 55.4°F (13°C).

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  • Toro Spanish Wines

    The Duero valley

    toro map wineWe have already dealt with one of the DO regions of Castilla y León with Bierzo. Bierzo is officially one of the five wine areas that form Castilla-León. Our website, seven-wines.com has separated Bierzo (León) from the other areas for both geographical and climatalogical reasons.

    The other areas are all situated in Castilla. These remaining four DO areas are sited on the banks of the Duero river (which is known in Portugal as the Douro). The Toro and Rueda DO areas are situated south of Valladolid in a rectangle formed by the towns of Zamora, Salamanca, Segovia, and Valladolid. The Cigales and Ribera del Duero DO areas are found to the north and north east of Valladolid.

  • Touraine French Wines

    TOURAINE FRENCH WINE

    Touraine red gamay French wineThere are nine appellations around the picturesque town of Tours. This French wines are made from the same grapes as those of Anjou-Saumur. The climate here is very mild and moderate. The underlying strata are mainly tufa but calciferous clay and flint are found in some valleys.

    The dry white Touraine is perhaps the most interesting of the French wines from these parts. It is fresh and fruity, with a pronounced nose and abundant character. In contrast to most of the French wines from the area, this one is made with Sauvignon Blanc. Drinking temperature for Touraine French wine: 48.2-50.0°F (9-10°C).

    The red Gamay (Pineau d'Aunis) French wine is light, lithe, and fresh. It is suitable to be drunk with any meal. Drinking temperature for Gamay French wine: 53.6-57.2°F (12-14°C).

  • Trentino Wines

    The southern part of Trentino-Alto Adige also makes fine white wines of course but generally produces better and more red wines than the northern (Alto Adige) part of the region.

    Most of the vineyards are sited in the hills in the valleys of the Adige, Cembra, Lagarina, or the slopes above Lake Garda. 

    The only exception are the vineyards of the Rotaliana valley where they are on the valley floor. The giant trellis along which the vines are trained is a typical scene in Trentino. The trellis keeps the vines off the ground so that fewer leaves are formed, enabling the sun to penetrate better in order to ripen the grapes. This also allows air to circulate freely through the vines to reduce the risk of autumn night frosts. Considerable development work is underway in this area, not just in the field of wine-making itself but also in respect of cultivation and pruning techniques and the introduction of experimental grape varieties. Large scale trials are underway with the Rebo grape, which is a cross between Merlot and Marzemino. Most Trentino wines are single varietals made with just one sort of grape. Por the whites the most popular is the Chardonnay (50% of the white grapes and 15% of total production).

    Chardonnay is used for making both Chardonnay Trentino DOC and the excellent Spumante Trento Classico. An exceptional white grape can be found amid the others here which is a native of Trentino: the Nosiola. This highly aromatic grape imparts its Nosiola-Trentino wine with a delicate and fruity character but even more so in the magnificent Vino Santo Trentino DOC.

      Schiava holds sway here as the leading red wine grape accounting for at least 30% of all the vines planted.

    Por those who like Grappa (eaux-de-vie), Trentino perhaps makes the finest in all Italy.{jcomments on}

  • Types of Montalcino Italian Wines

    BRUNELLO DI MONTALCINO DOCG

    Brunello Di Montalcino Italian WineYet another giant of a wine from Tuscany, and perhaps the best DOCG wine of Italy. The little town of Montalcino is situated to the south west of Montepulciano. The geology here too consists chiefly of sedimentary layers. The history of Brunello is much more recent than the other great Tuscan wines. The great honour and first official DOCG recognition came in 1980. The soul of this Italian wine is the Sangiovese Grosso grape that is known locally as Brunello. The vines are deliberately pruned short to reduced the yield.

  • Valcalepio DOC - Italian Wines

      This area is situated on both sides of Lago d'Iseo, near Bergamo. To the east of Bergamo the soil is a mixture of clay and chalk, while in the north it consists of shingle, shale, and slate.

     The wines are made from ancient native grapes (Moscato di Scanzo, Merera, and Incrocio Terzi) and more modern varieties (Pinot Bianco, Pinot Grigio, Chardonnay, Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Cabernet Pranc). These wines are sold under the name of either Valcalepio Rosso (red) or Valcalepio Bianco (white) . Both types of wine are the realisation of a successful combination of tradition and modern methods. Valcalepio Rosso is chiefly made with Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot to which the wine-maker adds various supplementary grapes.

    The colour is usually ruby red with tinges of granite red. The bouquet is pleasing, vinous, and aromatic. The taste is dry and typical of the grapes used (black currant, pepper, and cherry). Riserva wines must be aged for at least three years and contain at least 12.5% alcohol. Drink at 57.2-60.8°F (14-16°C).

    Valcalepio Bianco is usually made with Pinot Bianco, Chardonnay, and Pinot Grigio, in a variety of blends within these grapes. Each wine is unique but the best are intensely straw yellow and have a refined bouquet and a well-balanced and characteristic taste. Drink at 10-12°C (SO-S3.6°F).

    Finally there is also the old-fashioned style Oscato Passito, which is of outstanding quality. Remember though that this is a sweet red wine that is ruby to cherry red, with hints of granite red. The nose is typical of red Moscato in its intensity and characteristic sensuality.

      The taste is sweet, but wellbalanced thanks to its fine acidity. Bitter notes of almond can be detected in the finish. This wine must be aged for at least eighteen months and contain at least 17% alcohol. Drinking temperature is 8- 12°C (46.4-S3.6°F ) depending on season and personal preference.

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  • Valdeorras, Bierzo, Castilla y León Spanish Wine

    This Spanish wine area lies mainly inland on the border with Castilla y Leon. Most of this Spanish vineyards are in the valley of the Sil. Until recently a heavy dark wine was made here that disappeared anonymously on draught through the local bars. The grape varieties of Godello (white) and Mencía (red) are gradually being restored to their true position of honour and increasing amounts of quality Spanish wine are now being made. The Spanish wine-making installations are greatly improved and the wine-making itself is now far more hygienic.