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  • Condado de Huelva Spanish Wine

    Condado de Huelva wine region

    Condado de Huelva wineThis is the most westerly DO of Andalucía. This Spanish wine from this area was sold for generations as ‘sherry’ to unsuspecting supermarket customers but since January 1996 only wines from Jerez de la Frontera and Manzanilla de Sanlúcar de Barrameda DO regions may use the term ‘sherry’ both at home and abroad. Since then the bodegas of Condado de Huelva DO have been forced to, take action to get their area better known. The county or condado of Huelva is situated in the province of the same name to the east of Portugal. The area under cultivation by vines comprises the land between the Atlantic coast and the town of Huelva. The vineyards are sited quite low, less than 98 feet(30 metres) above sea- level, on a bed of chalk and alluvial deposits topped with red-brown sand.

  • Fortified wines

      Fortified wines are wines which have bad extra alcohol added during their production. Sherry is fortified after the juice has fermented to the extent that all the sugar has been used up. In the case of port, fortification takes place during fermentation.

     

    Sherry Fortified Wine

    Sherry Wine SpainSherry is the unique wine made in southwest Spain. Like Champagne, its name is protected by law and may only be applied to the wines made in the ‘Sherry Triangle’ around the town of Jerez.

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    Port Fortified Wine

    Port WinePort is made in various styles in the Douro Vallery, a rugged, yet beautiful and stunning location in northern Portugal. The area was first dermacated in 1756.

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    Madeira Fortified Wine

    Madeira WineMadeira is a small, mountainos island in the Atlantinc Ocean. Lying 350 miles from the coast of Morocco, the island is warm and temperate the whole year round, and has fertile, volcanic soil.

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    Madeira is a small, mountainos island in the Atlantinc Ocean. Lying 350 miles from the coast of Morocco, the island is warm and temperate the whole year round, and has fertile, volcanic soil.

    Find more Madeira Fortified Wine

     

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  • Ideal conditions in Andalucia

    Jerez - Xérès - Sherry from Spain

    Vineyards from SpainThe Greeks called the town Zera (the dry land), the Romans, Ceritium, the Western Goths, Ceret, the Arabs Sheriz or Sherish, the French Xérès, the British and the Dutch call it Sherry, and the Spanish call it Jerez, pronounced ‘Heref’.

  • Sherry Fortified Wine

    Sherry Fortified WineSherry is the unique fortified wine made in southwest Spain. Like Champagne, its name is protected by law and may only be applied to the wines made in the ‘Sherry Triangle’ around the town of Jerez.  ‘White, chalki’ Albariza soil, ample sunshine and the cool influence of the Atlantic Ocean help to ripen the Palomino grapes whitch produce the base wine for sherry fortified wine. The best sweetening fortified wine will be made from the Pedro Ximénez grape.

     After fortification, the sherry will be stored in casks (butts), until the following year, when classification will take place. All sherry butts are filled just five-sixth full. The delicate fortified wine, fortified to a maimum of 15.5 per cent alcohol, will be classified as finos. 

    There are three major styles of fino: fino fortified wine, manzanilla fortified wine and amontillado fortified wine. The type of fino fortified wine depends on the influence of flor, a yeast unique to Jerez. It’s in the atmosphere and grows on the surface of the wine, affecting its composition and flavour. The very presence of flor produces the characteristic tanghy and ‘yeasty’ nose and flavour of the dry sherries.

     Butts not classified as finos will develop into the richer fortified wine known as olorosos, which are fortified to 18 per cent alcohol, a level too high to be affected by flor. Olorosos mature in direct contact with air and are sometimes sweetened during this process.

     To maintain style and consistency, a system of fractional blending and maturation takes place. Known as the solera system, this allows a younger fortified wine to be added to an older wine after one-third of the older wine has been drawn off for bottling.

     

    Styles of Sherry fortified wine

    Sherry fortified wine is diverse and therefore not only makes an excellent aperitif wine, but is also extremely versatile with food:

    FINO FORTIFIED WINE: light and dry.

    MANZANILLA FORTIFIED WINE: delicate, dry with a salty tang.

    OLOROSO FORTIFIED WINE: full, smooth with a walnut flavour.

    AMONTILLADO FORTIFIED WINE: dry, smooth, nutty.

    PALO CORTADO FORTIFIED WINE: amontillado, nose, oloroso-like palate.

    PALE CREAM FORTIFIED WINE:crisp, subtle sweetness.

    CREAM FORTIFIED WINE: sweet, dried fruit flavour.

    PEDRO XIMÉNEZ FORTIFIED WINE: rich, sweet, raisin-like flavour.

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  • Special vinification from Andalucia

    Special vinification

    Sherry SpainThe grape harvest begins each year around 10 September. The grapes are picked by hand because the vines are pruned low to the ground and also because the grapes need careful handling in view of the extreme heat. The pickers therefore use small plastic crates that can each hold 39.683205 pound (18 kg) to bring the grapes undamaged to the press. Some bodegas still use the traditional arroba baskets that hold only 24.250847 pound (11.5 kg). Pedro Ximenez and Muscatel grapes are use for the sweet Spanish wines.

  • Types of Spanish Sherry

     

    Types of sherry

    Osborne Sherry SpainIt may be possible to find a sherry at the very best Spanish wine merchants that originates from one defined year. These superb quality sherries are usually very expensive and represent such a small percentage of the whole that they are not dealt with here separately. In this book we observe the Spanish grading system.

     

    FINO

    This is a straw yellow Spanish wine that is always dry and fresh with the characteristic bouquet and taste of almond and walnut, wood and flor; alcohol 15.5%. It makes a first class aperitif to drink at 50°F (10°C).