Certain parts of Fronsac and Saint-Michel de Fronsac are entitled to an even more specific AOC, Canon-Fronsac, though production conditions are identical in these areas.
The soil in the Fronsac region is very varied. Along the Dordogne and the Isle there is palus, consisting of alluvium; on the slopes and on hilltops, it is clay-lime-stone or clay-sand. The subsoil is generally limestone (starfish limestone), or clay-limestone.
Part of the Fronsac wine-growing region takes its name from the Cote de Canon. Among the soils found here is clay-lime-stone on a bed of starfish limestone. Canon-Fronsac wines owe their reputation, and their AOC, largely to the nature of this subsoil.
The AOC wines of Fronsac and Canon-Fronsac are essentially wines grown on hillsides. As a result of this, they have body and texture. They are richly and brilliantly colored, either vermilion red, or intense ruby.
As they age, they sometimes take on a topaz tint, characterisic of wines from great limestone terroirs. The nose is potent and elegant. Berry aromas develop, followed by notes of pepper, spices, and sometimes even truffle. In the mouth, these are full, rich, and supple wines. Names that stand out among the crus are Châteaux Canon, Haur-Mazeris, La Riviere, and Moulin Haut-Laroque.
Girondins Bordeaux Wine
The Girondins were the principal enemies of the Jacobins during the French Revolution. This independent spirit seems to be an inherent part of the south-western region of Gascony. The writers Montesquieu and Montaigne spring to mind, as does the image of Cyrano de Bergerac. The cultivation of the vine, which has shaped so much of the Gironde countryside, has perhaps also shaped the spirit of those who live with it and harvest its fruit. Whatever its source, this spirit goes back a long way: it is characteristic of this wine-growing region, and is one of the factors that has allowed it to become and remain the main wine-producing area in the world.
Grand Mouëys Bordeaux Wine
Château Grand-Mouëys and the vast vineyard that surrounds it are located on a gravelly outcrop, most of which faces south or south-west. Its 170 uninterrupted hectares cover three hills of the Capian commune. The property, whose winemak¬ing tradition goes back to Gallo-Roman times, belonged to the Templars during the Middle Ages.
In 1710, a branch of the Fes- quet family—linked to the Chèze family, advisers to the King, and to the Barons of Capian— moved into the Piras residence, on the west side of the hill of the same name which figures on Belleyme’s famous late eighteenth-century map. In 1880 Eugène Fabars and his son-in-law Count Charles de Langsdorff acquired this estate to extend the lands of Grand-Mouëys. In the nineteenth century, the enlarged property was sold at auction to the Grenouilleau family of Bordeaux merchants.
In 1989 the Bömers family, of the Bremen company of Reidemeister & Ulrichs, acquired the property and invested consider-able sums in the vineyard and storehouses.
Twenty-one hectares of vine-yards produce about 100 tonneaux of magnificent and distinguished white wine, some of which is aged in oak casks.
The red wine produced here is one of the best of the Premières Côtes de Bordeaux. After having matured for eighteen months in oak casks (fifty per-cent new casks), the wine is bottled at the Château.