Today, about sixty crus share this magnificent terroir, including sixteen classified growths. Some of these are classified for their red wine: Chateau Haut-Brion (classified a First Growth in 1855), but also Chateau Pape-Clement in Pessac, created in 1300 by Bertrand de Goth, who became Pope Clement V in 1305. Others are classified for their white wine, such as Couhins, or for both red and white, such as Domaine de Chevalier and Chateau Latour-Martillac. This last vineyard is currently spreading onto building land in Bordeaux’s urban zone, as is Domaine du Luchey, which will have its first harvest in 2001 after having disappeared for more than half a century. Also worth a mention among the best- known crus are Chateaux La Louvière, de Roui I lac, de Grandmaison, Baret, and La Garde.
Red Pessac-Léognan AOC wines are particularly expressive. They have dis¬tinctive fruit, remarkable structure, and great finesse. Generally matured in oak casks, they will keep for a long time— the first sign of a high-quality wine. They are worth waiting for, and deserve to be drunk with respect. White Pessac-Leognan wines, produced mainly with Sauvignon and Semillon, are Bordeaux’s best-known dry white wines. They owe this reputation not only to the richness of their aromatic palette, but also to their capacity for aging. Matured in oak casks, they can be amazingly fresh and lively after five, ten, or even twenty years.
Pétrus (Ch.) Bordeaux Wines REGION
Dominating the commune, as much by its position as by the quality of its wines, Château Pétrus produces a generous wine which is refined, rich, and perfumed, with a definite truffle aroma.
These special qualities are due to its sandy-clay subsoil on an iron-rich base known as crasse de fer, which gives the wine its universally appreciated distinction. Madame E. Loubat took meticulous care of this beautiful vineyard, devoting equal attention to the viticulture and vinification. Since her death, her family has carried on the family tradition. Her aim is to preserve the wine’s long-standing reputation around the world as the greatest Pomerol cru.