The vine belongs to the genusVitis,in which there are many species. Traditionally, wine is produced from different varieties ofVitis vinifera, which originated on the European continent. There are however, other species that originated on the American continent. Some of these are infertile, others produce wines with very particular organoleptic qualities (known asfoxéor foxy), and these are not very popular. However, these “American” varieties have a greater resistance to disease thanVitis vinifera.In the 1930s attempts were made to create hybrids that would be resistant to disease, like the American species, but would also produce wines of the same quality asVitis vinifera.Unfortunately, these were a complete failure.