The branded Czech wines are with the odd exception of second rank and some of them are sweetened. The best quality Czech wines are those indicated as Kabinett, Spatlese, and Auslese. These wines are produced under strict control of the Czech state’s agriculture and food inspectors. During production no sugar may be added and wines must achieve set levels for residual sugars to achieve one of the predicates. The label must not only indicate the wine-growing area but also the place of origin. Some growers also name the specific vineyard from which the grapes were picked. The entire region is subdivided into ten wine-growing areas.
The Brno wine area lies to the south and south-east of Brno where the vineyards are sited on gentle slopes. The Czech wines here have a characteristic bouquet and the best-known examples are from Rajhrad and Dolni Kounice. One of the wines from the area is a Moravian Muscat (Moravsky Muykat) made from a Moravian grape variety. This Czech wine is yellow and has a marked Muscat nose and fairly full but tart flavour. The relatively small Bzenec wine area is situated on the right bank of the Morava river between Kyjov and Veseli. The vineyards here are planted on higher slopes in hot and dry locations. The town of Bzenec is the heart of this area.
The best-known wines are the Rynsky Ryzlink characterised by a pale greenish yellow color and marked nose with a hint of lime blossom and a fulsome tart taste. This Czech wine can be drunk young but shows more quality when allowed to age. Rynsky Ryzlink is also the basis for the famous Bzenecka Lipka (Bzenec lime tree). This Czech wine has a very muted nose and fulsome taste with balanced acidity. Other grapes grown here are Rulandske Bile, Neuburske (Neuburger), and Ryzlink Vlaysky. Few red wine grapes are grown in this area.