Trentino-Alto Adige, also known as Siidtirol, is bounded to the west by Lombardy, Veneto to the south, and Switzerland and Austria to the north. The principal towns of Trentino are Trente (Trento) Alto Adige (German speaking), and Bolzano.
The area is bisected by the river Adige, the second longest river in Italy. In the north of the region the climate is continental while in the south it is less severe and warmer. Trentino-Alto Adige is somewhat of a transitional zone between Austria in the north and Italy in the south. The Swiss and Austrian influences can be see in the German names for both wines and places. Hence you will find both Santa Maddalena and Sankt Magdalener alongside each other and Caldaro Kalterersee, Alto Adige and Siidtirol. The grapes here also have two names and because they are generally exported to Austria, Switzerland, and Germany the German names are generally found on the labels.
***Italian WINE ***
The Italian wines
Due to the position at the foot of the mountains or even in the mountains, white wines are the general order of the day here. Because the local gastronomy runs towards fatty, the fresh acidity of these wines is seen as a benefit. The enormous temperature range between night and day during harvest imparts these wines with an aromatic nose which makes them worth considering. The reds too, mainly from more southerly Trentino, have a charm of their own. The fresh rosato, made in the north of the region, is much appreciated.
ALTO ADIGE DOC
The vineyards are sited in terraces on the mountain slopes, which makes their cultivation and management extremely difficult. Por this reason Alto Adige is therefore never a cheap wine, but certainly an exceptionally delicious one. Just as in Alsace, this region uses a generic name of Alto Adige for countless single grape varietal wines (sometimes supplemented with up to 15% of a different grape).
The best-known wines are the Moscato Giallo (Goldenmuskateller or Goldmuskateller), Pinot Bianco (Weissburgunder), Pinot Grigio (Ruliinder), Chardonnay, Riesling Italico (Welsch Riesling), Riesling Renano (Rhine Riesling), Riesling x Sylvaner (Miiller-Thurgau), Sylvaner (Silvaner), Sauvignon Blanc, Traminer Aromatico (Gewürztraminer), Moscato Rosa (Rosenmuskateller), and Lagrein Rosato (Lagrein kretzer).
*** the best italian WINE ***
LAGREIN SCURO (LAGREIN DUNKEL)
This is the big brother of Lagrein Rosato. It is a deep ruby red with tinge of granite and pleasant nose of fresh grapes and velvet smooth taste. Riserva examples must be at least two years old. Drink at 50- 57.2°F (10- 14°C) , depending on age. Merlot Rosato (Merlot rose!Merlot kretzer), Merlot, Cabemet-Cabemet Pranc-Cabemet Sauvignon, and Cabemet-Lagrein are also well-known wines from this area.
There are also excellent wines from either Cabemet and Lagrein or Cabemet and Merlot. If kept for an additional two years to age these wines may also bear the title Riserva on their label.
***Italian WINE ***
PINOT NERO (BLAUBURGUNDER)
There is also a sparkling white wine, Alto Adige Pinot Nero Spumante plus Pinot Nero Rosato (rose), Blauburgunder Kretzer, Blauburgunder rose, Malvasia (Malvasier), Schiava (Vematsch) , and Schiava Grigia (Grauvematsch).
This is sparkling white with Pinot Bianco and/or Chardonnay, (sometimes with a maximum of 30% Pinot Nero and/or Pinot Grigio) . There are dry (extra-brut) and less dry (brut) versions. An ideal aperitif. Drink at 42.8-46.4°F (6- 8°C).